[ntp:questions] NTP Mode 6 queries in 4.2.8p10
jasonrabel99 at gmail.com
Tue Aug 13 13:01:18 UTC 2019
> Forgive me for my lack of knowledge in this area,
> but does the above command and output still show the vulnerability?
> If so, is the fix (as NTP Bug 3118 explains) to add
> "restrict default noquery" to the ntp.conf file?
> If this is the fix, then all queries are shutoff, correct?
It would really depend on what your "restrict default" config line(s)
currently have. There are a few issues that exist but the biggest is
the infamous DDoS amplification attack. It only takes a small UDP
packet (from which the source IP can be easily faked) to make a
request, and your server sends out a much larger packet in reply,
multiply that by hundreds or even thousands of machines that are not
properly locked down and a malicious attacker has a way to DDoS any
server off the internet.
It also exposes which version of NTP & Linux you are running, which
could lead to other exploitations not necessarily related to NTP.
You are correct in that the 'noquery' statement is what disables the
mode 6 response (what you see from sending ntpq -c rv ...)
The best way is to lock down your configuration by default, then allow
certain permissions for individual IPs or small subnets based on if
they have additional needs (beyond basic client time requests).
Here are some examples below:
# Permit time synchronization with our time source, but do not
# permit the source to query or modify the service on this system.
restrict default kod limited nomodify notrap nopeer noepeer noquery
restrict -6 default kod limited nomodify notrap nopeer noepeer noquery
# Permit all access over the loopback interface.
# Hosts on local network are less restricted.
#restrict 192.168.1.0 mask 255.255.255.0 nomodify notrap
You can go to the NTP online documentation to learn about all the
different options for the 'restrict' lines, it is really quite
In general 99% of the time people only need to query for time, which
those default restrict lines above will still allow. (If you wanted to
block ALL queries, including time requests, you would use 'ignore' in
your default restrict.)
The other 1% of the cases could be that you are actually "peering"
with another NTP server (instead of client/server) in which you would
need to make a special restrict line to allow that host. Or if you
were doing remote monitoring / logging / configuration.
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