[ntp:questions] Too high steps in time reset

massimo.musso at gmail.com massimo.musso at gmail.com
Tue Apr 22 08:03:31 UTC 2008

Thank you for your detailed answer, David, I try to give more

David Woolley ha scritto:

> massimo.musso at gmail.com wrote:
> --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > the first server ( is a dcf77 stratum 11 in my LAN,
> > syncronizing itself 2/3 times per day
> I was going to say that that never has valid time, but actually it is
> never going to be used as the server of record, even though it has valid
> time, because the local clock will always win.  More later.
> > Apr 22 07:22:26 gecssrv1 ntpd[20177]: time reset +9.470501 s
> Positive steps on Red Hat are usually the result of lost clock
> interrupts.  I think that is in the known issues documents mentioned in
> another thread.
I experience both positive and negative high steps.

> If there is any other problem, it is more or less essential that you
> provide ntpq peers output.
[root at gecssrv1 log]# ntpq -p
     remote           refid      st t when poll reach   delay
offset  jitter
xdcf77           LOCAL(0)        11 u  130 1024  377    5.676  1307.74
x193.204.114.232 .UTCI.           1 u  137 1024  377   20.074  511.544
*LOCAL(0)        LOCAL(0)        10 l   44   64  377    0.000
0.000   0.008

> > Apr 22 07:26:44 gecssrv1 ntpd[20177]: synchronized to,
> > stratum 1
> > Apr 22 07:29:59 gecssrv1 ntpd[20177]: synchronized to LOCAL(0),
> > stratum 10
> Synchronizing to LOCAL should be considered a fault condition,
> equivalent to a total loss of synchronisation.  LOCAL should be an
> active choice, not done by default, but if you use it, you should ensure
> that you have enough real servers to outvote it.  The DCF server is
> useless because of its stratum, and would be of questionable value
> because of the large root dispersions it will accumulate between updates
> (these are not fundamental limitations of DCF as a clock source).
The DCF server worked good for 8 years, syncronizing my ntp server
(deep far host in my WAN reach stratum 16 but they always have been
well syncronized). The problem has come 1 month ago and the stratum 1
Internet Server has been added by me to few days ago but it didn't
give me any improve...

> Many people would say that you need at least four independent sources of
> true time, and I would suggest that that needs to be in excess over the
> number of LOCAL clock sources (direct and indirect) that you have.
> > You can see that at 7:22 I've got a time reset +9.4... that's HUGE. It
> > happens often.
> Does that correlate with some heavy disk based job? (Backup?)
No jobs at all and the time reset are "time independent"
> > The dcf77 sycronized at 5:40.
> The switch to the stratum 1, at about that time, may be because the
> error band on DCF has collapsed and the intersection of it and the
> stratum one now exclude the local clock value, thus outvoting the local
> clock.  When it has run for a long time with no update, the error bounds
> will increase and any local clock value within them will be acceptable,
> even if that conflicts with the stratum one.
> Also note that any time reset events indicate a problem that should be
> investigated.  Again see the other thread.

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