[ntp:questions] A question about the NTP delay time formula
Terje Mathisen
"terje.mathisen at tmsw.no" at ntp.org
Tue Jun 23 07:04:39 UTC 2009
Lei wrote:
> In RFC 2030(written by Prof. D.Mills), we have roundtrip delay time
> formula as follows:
>
> d = (T4 - T1) - (T2 - T3) .................(1)
>
> However, IMHO, it should be
>
> d = (T4-T1) - (T3 - T2)....................(1)'
This is the same as
d = -T1 + T2 -T3 +T4
or
d = (T2-T1) - (T3-T4)
right?
"Use the source, Luke" :-)
From ntp_proto.c, around line 1200:
> * Let t1 = p_org, t2 = p_rec, t3 = p_xmt, t4 = peer->rec:
> */
> ci = p_xmt; /* t3 - t4 */
> L_SUB(&ci, &peer->rec);
> LFPTOD(&ci, t34);
> ci = p_rec; /* t2 - t1 */
> L_SUB(&ci, &p_org);
> LFPTOD(&ci, t21);
I.e Dr. Mills have here calculated (T3-T4) and (T2-T1), both of which
should be small (normally positive) numbers, and the difference between
them is the same as in your formula.
The conclusion is that I'm almost certain you've found a typo in the RFC:
The total on-network-cable time must of course be the total time from
request to reply (T4-T1), minus the time spent inside the server
(T3-T2), so your second version is correct.
Assuming the RFC does indeed use the first form, that would also be
against the written description of the algorithm.
Terje
--
- <Terje.Mathisen at tmsw.no>
"almost all programming can be viewed as an exercise in caching"
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